Bhutanese language

Bhutan’s state language is ‘Dzongkha’ (meaning ‘language of Dzong’) and widely spoken throughout the country. Originally practised only in western Bhutan, Dzongkha introduced as national language in 1971. English also is widely spoken throughout the country and is the medium of instruction in schools while ‘Choekey’, classical Dzongkha, is used in traditional monastic schools.
Conversational Dzongkha :   

  • Greetings / Hello : Kuzuoozangpo La
  • Who is speaking : Ga Sung Mo La
  • I’m….. speaking : Nga…….Zhu Do La
  • Yes, Yes : Ong, Ong
  • Yes in Affirmative : Ein Ein La
  • Roger / Signing off : Las La. Laso La
  • What is your name ? (for elders with respect) : Na gi Tshen Ga Chi Mo ?
  • What is your name (for similar age person) : Chhoey gi Ming Ga Chi Mo ?
  • My name is : Ngegi Ming…………Ein
  • Where are you from : Chhoey ga te lay mo ?
  • How old are you ? : Kay Lo gadem chi Ya si ?
  • Good bye : Log Jay Gay (meaning we meet again)
  • No more, Thanks : Me Zhu (while making a gesture of moving one’s hand in front of mouth)
  • It was tasty : Zhim bay (While making a gesture of moving one’s forefinger in front of the cheek)
  • I am ill : Nga nau may
  • Where is the toilet ? : Chhapsa ga tey in-na ?
  • Where is the hospital ? Menkhang ga tey in na ?
  • Waiter : Wai Chharo ! (literally meaning friend)
  • Waitress : Wai Bumo ! (literally meaning girl)
  • Please Have / Eat : Zhey
  • Water : Chhu
  • Hot water : Chhu Tshe
  • Milk Tea : Na Ja
  • Butter Tea : Su Ja
  • Get me :………………..Nang
  • Here : Na / Nalu
  • There : Pha / Phalu
  • Where ? : Ga Tey ?
  • Which ? : Gadee ?
  • In front of : Dongkha
  • Next to : Bolokha
  • Behind : Japkha

Glossary of Dzongkha Terms :

  • Ashi : Honorific title used women of the Royal aristocratic family
  • Chhu : River or Water
  • Chorten : Stupa
  • Chitshog : Parliament
  • Chiwog : Group or villages
  • Choesham : An altar, shrine room
  • Dasho : a title given by His Majesty the King to the people who have been recognized for their service to the country
  • Desi or Deb : Title given to temporal ruler of Bhutan from 1851- 1905
  • Drangpon : Judge
  • Dratshang : Central Monastic Body
  • Driglam Namzha : Age old etiquette and code of conduct
  • Druk : Thunder Dragon
  • Druk Gyalpo : Formal title for reference to His Majesty the King of Bhutan literally meaning the King of Bhutan
  • Druk Yul : Dzongkha name for Bhutan. It means ‘Land of the Thunder Dragon’ or ‘Land of the Drukpas’
  • Dzong : Fortress cum Monastery
  • Dzongda : District Administrator
  • Dzongkhag : District
  • Gewog : County, consisting of a block or villages
  • Gho : Men’s traditional attire
  • Gup : Head of a county
  • Je Khenpo : Chief Abbot of Bhutan, also Head of monastic body
  • Kabney : Ceremonial scarf worn by men
  • Khuru : A game of dart
  • Kira : Traditional ankle length dress worn by women
  • La : Mountain pass
  • Lhakhang : Buddhist temple
  • Lyonchhen : Title for Prime Minister
  • Lyonpo : Title for Minister
  • Penlop : Governor of a region consisting of several districts
  • Rabdey : District Monastic Body
  • Rinpoche : Title given to reincarnated lamas
  • Tshechu : Religious festival
HOTELS IN THIMPHU
Taj Tashi
Le Meridien
Hotel Druk
Hotel Ariya
Hotel Kisa
Phuntsho Pelri
City Hotel
Tara Phendeyling
HOTELS IN PUNAKHA
COMO Uma
RKPO Green Resort
Zhingkham Resort
Dragon's Nest Hotel
Meri Puensum Resort
Hotel Pema Karpo
Damchen Resort
HOTELS IN GANGTEY
Gangtey Goenpa Lodge
Hotel-Dewachen
Gakiling Lodge
HOTELS IN BUMTHANG
The Village Lodge
Wangdicholing Resort
Hotel Jakar View
Jakar Village Lodge
Hotel Ugyenling
Swiss Guest House
River Lodge
HOTELS IN MONGAR
Wangchuk Hotel
HOTELS IN TRASHIGANG
Druk Deothjung Resort
HOTELS IN PHUENTSHOLING
Hotel Druk
Lhaki Hotel
Bhutan Ga Me Ga Hotel